Concrete Mix Design or Mix Design of Concrete is a procedure of determining the relative quantities and proportions of different ingredients of the concrete i.e. Cement, Water, Fine Aggregate, Coarse Aggregate, with the object of producing homogeneous fully compactable concrete having required Strength and Properties with economy.
Now a Days with the advancement of concrete technology, the mix design of concrete is in a boom due to the requirements of High Grades of Concretes having required amount of workability, durability and other properties but the main factor is that these all things are achieved by mix design also with economy, that is there is nothing more in quantities of any ingredients of concrete than that required for producing particular type of concrete grade. Nominal Mixes can be adopted only upto the grade of M20, but above m20 grade, a concrete must be mix designed as per code provisions. Though most of us uses Nominal mix of 1:1:2 for M25 Grade, but it shouldn’t be done. There are various methods of concrete mix design, some of them are as follows :-